Coating Preparation & Data

Gentoo is a simple, transparent, one-coat system that self-assembles to orient fluoro groups on the surface. The fluoro-functionalities are covalently bonded into the coating, imparting long-term hydrophobicity and watershed properties. Due to the low concentration of fluoro groups necessary to impart hydrophobicity, they do not interfere with adhesion to the substrate.

The silane-functionalities of this hybrid coating provide a mechanism for covalent bond formation between Gentoo and the metal substrate, resulting in superior adhesion to metallic, plated and painted surfaces. The organic portion of Gentoo imparts flexibility and durability to the coating system. These features combine to produce a highly durable coating with excellent water-shedding capability and abrasion resistance.

Key Attributes of the Hydrophobic Polymer/Inorganic Hybrid Surface Treatment

  • Hydrophobicity and Watershed – Exhibits > 110° contact angle and <5° watershed angle.
  • Corrosion Protection – Excellent water-shedding attributes, reducing corrosion and extending the service lifetime of metal components.
  • Flexibility and Abrasion Resistance – Exhibits excellent flexibility via a tough crosslinked polymer matrix and abrasion/wear resistance.
  • Thickness and Weight – The surface treatment is extremely thin (1-5 µm) and lightweight.
  • Adhesion – Robust adhesion to metallic substrates (aluminum, steel), glass, polymer (acrylic, polycarbonate), and paint (polyurethane, latex, acrylic).
  • Environmental Durability –  Excellent resistance to degradation resulting from salt spray and UV exposure.
  • Ease of Application –  Applied in a single coat using spray, flow or brush methods with minimal surface preparation.

The following table represents a summary of test data. Links to more detailed information and test data can be found throughout this website.

PropertyTest MethodDesired ResponseOutcome
Pot lifeASTM D12004 h minimumPASS; 6 h at 75°F
Storage StabilityMIL-PRF-32239, 85285;6-12 months, 35-115°F;  100, 77,  40°F @ 3mo. ea.PASS; 12 months
HydrophobicityMeasurementContact Angle 105 + 3°; Watershed 10 + 2°PASS
FlexibilityASTM D522No crackingPASS ¼” mandrel; cracking on 1/8” with paint but no cracking on Gentoo only
Heat ResistanceASTM D2244, D522, MIL-PRF-32239ΔE<1.0, no cracking after 1h at 121.2°CPASS; No change CA/WS, gloss or DE
StrippabilityMIL-PRF-32239 with CeeBee A-235RemovalPASS with Cee Bee A-235 stripper
AbrasionASTM D1044, D2486ΔTransparency <5%
ΔHaze <3%
(per 150 cycles)
PASS
AdhesionASTM D 33595B on 6 h cured or mechanically abraded, full cured paintPASS
Wet Tape Paint AdhesionHSS Joint Test Protocol, ASTM D 33595B at RT, 49°C at 96h, and 65°C at 168hPASS
FOD or Chip ResistanceASTM D3170, corrosion evaluation TBDIdentical or better than controlPASS
Weather ResistanceASTM G154 cycle 2 QUV-B, D43291000 h with Dgloss <20, DE < 1.0PASS – better than control
Water ResistanceMIL-PRF-23377KNo effectPASS
Chemical ResistanceMIL-PRF-32239, fuel JP-8No/minimal effect & better than controlPASS – skydrol, degreaser, deicing, JP-8

For the purposes of this report, Gentoo has been applied by flow, spray, or dip coating onto selected substrates – glass, polycarbonate, acrylic, silicone, Nitronic 50 stainless steel (UNS S20910), 2024-T3 (UNS A92024) and 7075-T6 (UNS A97075) aluminum alloys, anodized 7075-T6 aluminum, Alodine and other non-chromate surface modification treatments and 316 stainless steel (UNS S31600) screws and washers.

Treated substrates were air cured at ambient temperature or cured at 90°C for 15-60 minutes, depending on the application requirements.  Coating thickness was measured at 4-6 μm depending on substrate and application method.  Three specimens were used for each test and the data was averaged.